17th Century Maps, American Maps, Copperplate, Engraving, Maps, New Additions

New Additions: John Overton’s “New and Most Exact Map of America”

NEW ADDITIONS bannerNEW ADDITIONSWe received several antique maps at the Old Print Gallery yesterday, all of which make great additions to our inventory. Included in this group of new (to us) maps was a rare, separately published, English-produced map of the Americas by John Overton.

John Overton (1640-1713) worked first as an apprentice to Thomas Gould in the “Stationers’ Company” for eight years, before buying a print shop from Peter Stent in London. His shop, as noted on all his published material, was located at the sign for “White Horse neere the Fountaine Tavern Without Newgate“. Overton inherited and quickly accumulated a considerable print stock, but found his inventory of maps lacking. He worked to fill this void by re-publishing maps of influential cartographers of the previous generation, notably acquiring the set of Speed plates from Christopher Browne in 1713.

A New and Most Exact Map of America. Described by N. I. Visscher and Don [sic] into English Enlarged and Corrected According to I. Bleau [sic] and Others. By John Overton.  Printed Colloured and Sould by John Overton at ye White Horse neere the Fountaine Tavern Without Newgate. Copper plate engraving, 1668 (c.1671). Image size 16 5/8 x 21 1/8" (421 x 535 mm) plus margins. Good condition save for tight lower margin. Modern hand coloring. LINK.

A New and Most Exact Map of America. Described by N. I. Visscher and Don [sic] into English Enlarged and Corrected According to I. Bleau [sic] and Others. By John Overton. Printed Colloured and Sould by John Overton at ye White Horse neere the Fountaine Tavern Without Newgate. Copper plate engraving, 1668 (c.1671). Image size 16 5/8 x 21 1/8″ (421 x 535 mm) plus margins. LINK.

Overton primarily derived this map of America  from his chief English rivals, Robert Walton, Thomas Jenner and as noted in the title, Nicolaes Visscher. He used Walton’s (Burden #330) map for the decorative borders and large inset map of the polar regions, Jenner’s (Burden #393) for the cartography, and van den Keere’s for the border illustrations, which depict natives, explorers, and city views. This is the second state of the map, issued c.1671. It is in good condition, save for tight lower margin. The hand coloring is modern.

The map, a copper plate engraving, has many interesting details. It depicts California as an island, with the following explanation: “This California was in times past thought to beene a part of thy Continent and so made in all maps but by further discoveries was found to be an Iland, long 1700 legues” . Hudson’s Bay is noted as being very shallow: “In this Hudsons Bay hath been observed by divers that at highwater did not arise about 2 foot.” Although New Jersey is listed, New York is curiously omitted from East Coast place names, despite being under British rule.  The map is also beautifully decorated with ships and sea monsters in the water and grazing, leaping animals in the Midwest. An inset map of the polar circle- including the Strait of Anian– sits in the lower left corner of the map.

This is a fantastic new map to be added to our OPG collection. We invite our blog readers to stop by our Georgetown gallery to see it in person.

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19th Century Prints, Engraving, Prints

James Dredge Jr. Locomotive Engravings

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James Dredge, Jr. (July 29, 1840 – August 15, 1906) was born in Bath to an architect father, James Dredge, Sr., a brewer originally, who designed suspension bridges and piers, including the Victoria Bridge in Bath in 1836, and the Birnbeck Pier in Weston-super-Mare in 1845, among over 50 others.

Dredge Jr. followed much in his father’s footsteps. A talented and applauded civil engineer, Dredge Jr. worked with British architect and fellow engineer Daniel Kinnear Clark from 1858 to 1861. In 1862, he began work on the Metropolitan District Railway in London, a passenger railway that served London and its neighboring areas from 1868 up until the 1930s.

59e_loco_xl_336_cIn January 1866, Dredge Jr. joined the weekly journal Engineering, working primarily as a writer. This shifted in the later 1860s, when he began illustrating for the journal- providing visual graphics, artistic explanations, and drawings and photographs of new buildings, bridges, and railways- all of which elevated the journal. His success landed him a position as co-editor of Engineering in 1870. In 1901, he founded a monthly visual supplement to Engineering, a journal named Traction and Transmission, but it only lasted three years.

59f_loco_xlvi_331_cThese scarce engravings of locomotives and plans were all drawn by Dredge Jr. for the publication Locomotive Engineering and the Mechanism of Railways by Zerah Colburn. Published by William Collins & Co., London, 1871, this important work includes detailed drawings of locomotives and cars for passenger, goods, and special-purpose trains. While most of the prints show equipment built in England and Scotland, some American engines are illustrated. Frequently, the plates include a cut-away plan, a favorite visual technique of Dredge Jr. to display the interior workings of great machines. The detail, large size and attractiveness of these engravings make them an appealing combination of science and art.

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To see all Dredge engravings, click here.  For more antique railroad prints, click here. 

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18th Century Prints, 19th Century Prints, Aquatint, Copperplate, Engraving, Foreign Views, Lithograph, New Additions, Prints, Steel plate engraving, Wood

New Additions: Great Britain Views

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NEW ADDITIONSBelow are new views of Great Britain, recently added to our website. From small travel book prints, to illustrated newspaper images, to delicate engravings, these prints offer a full visual (and medium) range. You can see these, and more, on our website, under Foreign Views, Great Britain. Clicking on any of the prints will also lead you to our website. All prints are available for purchase in store and over the phone. We hope you enjoy your visual trip through London, Surrey, Kent and more!

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16th Century Maps, 17th Century Maps, 18th Century Maps, 19th Century Maps, Copperplate, Engraving, Foreign Maps, Maps

Foreign City Plans

Today we are sharing some of our town and city plan maps. These more localized maps are fantastic because they allow viewers to see the development and organization of a city. Information on local customs, the local economy, and even  appearance of buildings can be gained by looking at these large-scale plans.

The majority of city plans are scaled representations of the area, as viewed from directly above. An extension of early surveying techniques for estate plans and engineering plans, city plans offer a more precise awareness of an area, providing to be very beneficial.  Alternatively, some city plans feature an oblique, or bird’s eye, view.  This combination of panoramas and traditional city plans allow both cartographic and pictorial detail to be shown, and are very collectible.

Many city plans were specifically designed as such, however there are some plans, like the famous city plans of English, Welsh, and Irish countries by John Speed, which were incorporated as insets on more general maps. Despite their secondary importance in the atlas, some of these plans were the first cartographic depictions of the cities, and are thus historically important.

Below are a sampling of foreign city plans currently in our inventory. Enjoy!

Pianta Della Citta di Roma, con la Indicazione di tutte le Antichita e Nuovi Abbellimenti. An engraving by Pietro Ruga, published by Venanzio Monaldini in 1823. A beautifully engraved large-scale map of Rome. Along the sides are 16 vignette views of important locations and buildings within the city. Some are of Roman ruins, including the Pantheon of Agrippa, Trajan's Column, Pyramid of Cestio and the Coliseum. In the lower right is a key to the 14 neighborhoods of the city.

Broad Street Ward Divided into Parishes according to a New Survey. A copper engraving by B.Cole. Published by T.Osborne and J Shipton, in London, 1756. The London ward map is decorated with building vignettes and decorative cartouches. From William Maitland's "The History of London from Its Foundation to the Present Time."

Le Plan de Paris. A copper engraving by Matthew Seutter, published by Tobias Conrad Lotter, c.1760. A superb and detailed plan of Paris, with streets, gardens, neighborhoods and landmarks depicted and named. The Palais de Tuileries, Louvre and Notre Dame Cathedral all appear. The Left Bank is in the foreground, below the Seine River. At lower left is a key to major churches, palaces and other sites.

Oxfordshire described with ye Citie and the Armes of the Colledges of ye famous University Ao. 1605. A copper-plate engraving by John Speed, engraved by Jodocus Hondius, and published by John Sudbury and George Humbell in London, 1611. One of the most desirable of all Speed county maps, this map is enhanced with a town plan of Oxford drawn from the 1578 plan by Ralph Agas, coats-of-arms for the various university colleges down the sides, the British coat-of-arms, and two robed dons flanking a globe at bottom.

Ierusalem, cum Suburbiis, Prout Tempore Christi Florint. Copper engraving by Matthew Seutter. Published by Tobias Conrad Lotter in 1756. This is an imaginary aerial (bird's eye) plan of ancient Jerusalem at the time of Jesus Christ. It is based upon the 1584 plan by Christian van Adrichom. Below is an extensive 254-item identification key and explanatory text in German.

Plan de Jedo. Copper engraving by Jacques Nicolas Bellin, 1765. This is a detailed city plan of Tokyo, Japan. Bellin was the famed French hydrographer commissioned by the King of France to chart the known coasts and ports of the world for the French Navy.

Hagae Comitis Celeberrimi Totius EUROPAE Municipy Typus. A copperplate engraving by Braun and Hogenburg, c.1580. A beautiful view of The Hague, the international capital of the Netherlands. With an 18-item key to major sites at right. This view appeared in Braun & Hogenberg's "Civitatus Orbis Theatrum," considered the most famous atlas of city views published in the 16th century.

Berlin. A plan of Berlin, Germany, drawn and engraved by J. Dower. Published by William Orr, London, 1836. Details include a 31-item reference key and a view from the suburbs.

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