18th Century Prints, Botanical, Copperplate, Engraving, Natural History, Prints

Weinmann botanicals

With the new fall season comes new prints for the gallery walls. We opened 20th Century People two weeks ago on one side of the gallery, and are in the process of hanging our “historic” side of the gallery with antique prints and maps which show off the full range of our gallery’s collection. Two new prints to this side of the wall are from Weinmann’s 18th century botanical masterpiece, Phytanthoza iconographia.

61761

Beta alba, Poiree blanc. No. 242. Johann W. Weinmann. Published in Amsterdam and Ratisbon. Copper engraving printed in color and finished by hand, 1736-1745. Average platemark 12 3/4 x 8″ (325 x 203 mm). LINK.

61756

Aloe Americana toberosa yuccae foliis. No. 53. Johann W. Weinmann. Published Amsterdam and Ratisbon. Copper engraving printed in color and finished by hand, 1736-45. Average platemark 12 3/4 x 8″ (325 x 203 mm). LINK.

A truly ambitious project, the Phytanthoza iconographia includes 8 folio volumes and over 1000 plates, resulting in one of the most comprehensive reference on plants, flowers, and fruits of the eighteen century.  The collection is impressive in both size and scope, both almost unparalleled in beauty. Weinmann utilized the talents of Georg Dionysius Ehret, a distinguished botanical artist credited with being the greatest influence on 18th century botanical painters, in addition to the help he received by N. Assam, B. Seuter, J.E. Rindinger and J. Haid.  Ehret is responsible for roughly 500 plates, half of the images in the collection.

Weinmann was one of the first printmakers to produce color printing from a single plate, resulting in a vibrant and cohesive image. The two prints selected, Beta alba, poiree blanc and Aloe Americana toberosa yuccae follis are excellent examples of the rich coloration achieved by this single-plate process. Vibrant greens and blues are coupled with a warm yellow under tone, a combination that makes these botanicals pop off the creamy 18th century paper.

Phytanthoza iconographia was published in both Latin and German editions, and a Dutch edition appeared in four volumes in 1736-1748. It was the Dutch edition that was brought to Japan in the early nineteenth century, and some of Weinmann’s illustrations were the source for those in Honzu zufu, the monumental Japanese botanical work by Iwasaki Tsunemasa. Honzu zufu was one of the two most important treatises on systematic botany in the Tokugawa period (1603-1867).

To see more Weinmann engravings, or additional botanicals from the likes of Thornton, Bessa, Redoute, and many more, stop by our Georgetown gallery in Washington, DC.

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18th Century Prints, 19th Century Prints, 2012 Holiday Gift Guide, Aquatint, Chromolithograph, Contemporary, Drypoint, Early 20th Century, Engraving, Etching, Linocut, Lithograph, Prints, Stipple, White-line Woodcut, Woodcut

2012 HOLIDAY GIFT GUIDE: The Foodie

GIFT GUIDE BANNER copy

FOODIE copyThey love to cook and are always the first ones to get reservations to the newest restaurant spot in town. They seek out the most unique and hidden gems of the food world- rare ingredients, specialized cooking tools, and the best cookbooks. They are the foodie.  So what do you get someone who already knows way more about cooking than you do? Why, prints of food and cooking, of course- to decorate their walls and hang in their kitchens. Below are our picks for the foodie on your holiday list. Enjoy!

Tableau des Principaux Champignons Comestibles & Veneneux. By A. D'Apreval. Published in Paris by the Librairie des Sciences Naturalles, Paul Klincksieck, Editeur. Chromolithograph, undated. This is a fascinating poster describing edible and poisonous mushrooms. Thirty mushrooms are shown at various stages, with descriptive French text along sides and bottom. $385.00

Tableau des Principaux Champignons Comestibles & Veneneux. By A. D’Apreval. Published in Paris by the Librairie des Sciences Naturalles, Paul Klincksieck, Editeur. Chromolithograph, undated. This is a fascinating poster describing edible and poisonous mushrooms. Thirty mushrooms are shown at various stages, with descriptive French text along sides and bottom. $385.00

Turnips and Scallions. By Pia Oste-Alexander. White-line woodcut, 2001. Signed in pencil. $350.00.

Turnips and Scallions. By Pia Oste-Alexander. White-line woodcut, 2001. Signed in pencil. $350.00.

Schattentanz (Shadow Dance). By William J. Behnken. Aquatint, 1995. Inscribed in pencil, "Trial Proof." $300.00

Schattentanz (Shadow Dance). By William J. Behnken. Aquatint, 1995. Inscribed in pencil, “Trial Proof.” $300.00

49348

Cavolfiore – Brussien oleracea cauliflora. (Cauliflower). By Raimondo Petraroja. Published by Raimondo Petraroja, Naples. Lithograph, hand colored, 1872-1886. From “Atlante di Botanica Populaire,” compliled by Prof. V. Tenore and G.A. Pasquale. With original color. $185.00.

Lincoln Brand. Color lithograph, c. 1930's. Label for Washingotn Naval Oranges. Handsome image of President Lincoln, with a decorative orange cluster at top right and a wrapped Sunkist orange at bottom. Before the use of mass produced cardboard boxes, fruit growers, packers and shippers printed labels and attached them to the wooden fruit crates or boxes used in shipping. Distributors would use catchy titles, images, and slogans to set themselves apart from other fruit brands. $40.00

Lincoln Brand. Color lithograph, c. 1930’s. Label for Washington Naval Oranges. Handsome image of President Lincoln, with a decorative orange cluster at top right and a wrapped Sunkist orange at bottom. Before the use of mass produced cardboard boxes, fruit growers, packers and shippers printed labels and attached them to the wooden fruit crates or boxes used in shipping. Distributors would use catchy titles, images, and slogans to set themselves apart from other fruit brands. $40.00

Restaurant. By Armin Landeck. Engraving, 1951. Signed and titled in pencil. Inscribed "Ed. 100."  $2,500.00

Restaurant. By Armin Landeck. Engraving, 1951. Signed and titled in pencil. Inscribed “Ed. 100.” $2,500.00

The Three Graces. By Karen Whitman. Linoleum cut, 2006. Inscribed "18/95." $250.00

The Three Graces. By Karen Whitman. Linoleum cut, 2006. Inscribed “18/95.” $250.00

a. Raphanus minor oblongus. b. Raphanus minor oblongus niger. c. Raphanus minor rotundus niger. N. 860. (radish). By Johann W. Weinmann. Published Amsterdam and Ratisbon. Copper engraving printed in color and finished by hand, 1736-45. From Johann Wilhelm Weinmann's Phytanthoza Iconographia. This beautiful work provides a nearly complete record of the flowers, fruits and vegetables cultivated in the early 18th century. The plates are among the earliest examples of color printing from a single plate. With original color. $525.00

a. Raphanus minor oblongus. b. Raphanus minor oblongus niger. c. Raphanus minor rotundus niger. N. 860. (radish). By Johann W. Weinmann. Published Amsterdam and Ratisbon. Copper engraving printed in color and finished by hand, 1736-45. From Johann Wilhelm Weinmann’s Phytanthoza Iconographia. This beautiful work provides a nearly complete record of the flowers, fruits and vegetables cultivated in the early 18th century. The plates are among the earliest examples of color printing from a single plate. With original color. $525.00

Bottles & Jars I. By Peri Schwartz. Aquatint, 2009. Inscribed "12/20." $1,200.00

Bottles & Jars I. By Peri Schwartz. Aquatint, 2009. Inscribed “12/20.” $1,200.00

King's Cadets Brand. California Green Asparagus. Color lithograph. c. 1930's. A very detailed label with marching cadets. Has beautiful gold trim and is very ornate. ORIGIN: Clarksburg, Sacramento Delta, CA. SHIPPER/GROWER:  F.S. and F.E. King. Original fruit crate label. Before the use of mass produced cardboard boxes, fruit growers, packers and shippers printed labels and attached them to the wooden fruit crates or boxes used in shipping.$35.00

King’s Cadets Brand. California Green Asparagus. Color lithograph. c. 1930’s. A very detailed label with marching cadets. Has beautiful gold trim and is very ornate. ORIGIN: Clarksburg, Sacramento Delta, CA. SHIPPER/GROWER: F.S. and F.E. King. Original fruit crate label. Before the use of mass produced cardboard boxes, fruit growers, packers and shippers printed labels and attached them to the wooden fruit crates or boxes used in shipping.$35.00

Polinac, plate LXVIII. By George Brookshaw. Printed & pub. by the Author, G. Brookshaw. Aquatint and stipple engraving printed in color and finished by hand, 1804-12. From "Pomona Britannica; or a Collection of the most esteemed fruits...."  $5,500.00

Polinac, plate LXVIII. By George Brookshaw. Printed & pub. by the Author, G. Brookshaw. Aquatint and stipple engraving printed in color and finished by hand, 1804-12. From “Pomona Britannica; or a Collection of the most esteemed fruits….” $5,500.00

 

Artichoke. By Jake Muirhead. Etching and drypoint on German Etch paper, 2011. Green ink.  Inscribed "A/P.' $250.00

Artichoke. By Jake Muirhead. Etching and drypoint on German Etch paper, 2011. Green ink. Inscribed “A/P.’ $250.00

Check back soon for more great gift ideas- for everyone on your list. To view past gift guides, see below:

All sales can be made in store or over the phone. We also ship prints and maps, flat and insured, using FedEx 3 Day Shipping. Our gallery hours are Tuesday-Saturday, from 10am to 5:20pm. The number at the gallery is (202) 965-1818.

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18th Century Prints, Botanical, Copperplate, Engraving, Mezzotint, Prints

Johann Weinmann- Canna Indica

Canna Indica by Johann Weinmann

Our next post highlights a plate from Johann Wilhelm Weinmann’s  compilation, Phytanthoza iconographia. The plate features two variations of the Canna Indica plant, a flower native to the Caribbean and warmer Americas. Measuring at about 12 by 8 inches and boasting both vibrant reds and greens, this print is a stunning example of the high quality prints attributed to Weinmann.

Weinmann was an apothecary from the German city of Regensburg, born in the late 17th century, and living well into the middle of the 18th century. Working as the hospital apothecary, the city assessor, as well as holding posts on the town council, Weinmann was lucrative in his flourishing business enterprises. He focused his studies mainly on plants and his work earned him great scientific acclaim among botanists. He wrote small pieces for the Breslau collections and also published a catalog of medicinal plants and drugs for his pharmacy, entitled Catalogus Alphabetico ordine exhiibens Pharmaca in 1723.  

His wealth and success allowed him the luxury to compile his Phytanthoza iconographia. A truly ambitious project, the Phytanthoza iconographia includes 8 folio volumes and over 1000 plates, resulting in one of the most comprehensive reference on plants, flowers, and fruits of the eighteen century.  The collection is impressive in both size and scope, both almost unparalleled in beauty. Weinmann utilized the talents of Georg Dionysius Ehret, a distinguished botanical artist credited with being the greatest influence on 18th century botanical painters, in addition to the help he received by N. Assam, B. Seuter, J.E. Rindinger and J. Haid.  Ehret is responsible for roughly 500 plates, half of the images in the collection.

Canna Indica is, along with the other prints in the Phytanthoza, a mezzotint and copperplate engraving. To make a mezzotint, the surface of the copper plate must first be roughened and pitted by a semi-circular tool with small projections known as a “rocker”. The depressions on the surface of the plate are very capable of holding ink, and if printed, would produce a rich, velvety black. Therefore, the image is created by smoothing out the roughened parts of the plate. A completely smooth section holds no ink, and thus yields the highlights. Mezzotint is a tone process, and unlike engraving that works with lines, it works in areas, thus allowing it to be very suitable for printing with colored inks. Weinmann used the sharp line of the engraving burin, coupled with the rich tonality of a mezzotint, to achieve his desired end product.  

Weinmann was also one of the first printmakers to produce color printing from a single plate, resulting in a vibrant and cohesive image. Canna Indica is such a great example of the rich coloration achieved by the single-plate process. The petals, saturated with rich reds and oranges, contrast with the thick cream-colored paper. Coupled with the large emerald and jade leaves and labeled in a delicate script, Canna Indica is an image satisfying to the senses. All of Weinmann’s prints are striking, portraying the variations found in nature with a great attention to tone and detail.

Phytanthoza iconographia was published in both Latin and German editions, and a Dutch edition appeared in four volumes in 1736-1748. It was the Dutch edition that was brought to Japan in the early nineteenth century, and some of Weinmann’s illustrations were the source for those in Honzu zufu, the monumental Japanese botanical work by Iwasaki Tsunemasa. Honzu zufu was one of the two most important treatises on systematic botany in the Tokugawa period (1603-1867).

To see and inquire about Canna Indica, please visit our website here. To view other works by Weinmann, click here or come visit us at our Georgetown gallery.

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