19th Century Prints, Americana, Engraving, Lithograph, Prints, Wood

First Battle of Bull Run

154 Years Ago Today…..

The First Battle of Bull Run was fought on July 21, 1861, near the city of Manassas, Virginia not far from Washington, D.C. It was the first major battle of the American Civil War. The Union forces, led by McDowell, were slow in positioning themselves, allowing Confederate reinforcements time to arrive by rail. Each side had about 18,000 poorly trained and poorly led troops in their first battle. It was a Confederate victory which ended with a disorganized and hasty retreat of the Union forces. Below are several prints we have of the widely documented (and illustrated) first battle.

The Battle of Bull Run, 2 P.M. July 21, 1861.  Alfred Waud. Published by Harper's Weekly, August 10, 1861. Wood engraving, 1861. Image size 13 3/4 x 20 1/4" (35 x 51.4 cm). LINK.

The Battle of Bull Run, 2 P.M. July 21, 1861. Alfred Waud. Published by Harper’s Weekly, August 10, 1861. Wood engraving, 1861. Image size 13 3/4 x 20 1/4″ (35 x 51.4 cm). LINK.

Col. Michael Corcoran, at the Battle of Bull Run, Va. - July 21st 1861. : The desperate and bloody charge of the "Gallant Sixty-Ninth," on the Rebel Batteries.  Published by Currier & Ives, 152 Nassau St. New York. Lithograph, undated. Small folio - image size 8 x 12 1/4 inches. LINK.

Col. Michael Corcoran, at the Battle of Bull Run, Va. – July 21st 1861. : The desperate and bloody charge of the “Gallant Sixty-Ninth,” on the Rebel Batteries. Published by Currier & Ives, 152 Nassau St. New York. Lithograph, undated. Small folio – image size 8 x 12 1/4 inches. LINK.

The Great Battle at Bull Run, VA., on Sunday Afternoon, July 21, Retreat of the Federal Army upon Centreville – Col. Miles’s Reserve Division Covering the Retreat and Repelling the Charge of the Rebel Cavalry – Panic Among the Teamsters and Civilians, and General Stampede Towards Arlington Heights. Published by  Frank Leslie, New York. Wood engraving, c. 1862.  From "Pictorial History of the War of 1861." Image size 19 7/8 x 29 1/4". LINK.

The Great Battle at Bull Run, VA., on Sunday Afternoon, July 21, Retreat of the Federal Army upon Centreville – Col. Miles’s Reserve Division Covering the Retreat and Repelling the Charge of the Rebel Cavalry – Panic Among the Teamsters and Civilians, and General Stampede Towards Arlington Heights. Published by Frank Leslie, New York. Wood engraving, c. 1862. From “Pictorial History of the War of 1861.” Image size 19 7/8 x 29 1/4″. LINK.

 

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19th Century Maps, American Maps, Lithograph, Maps, Pocket Maps

Rare Confederate imprint of “Map of the Seat of War”

Map of the Seat of War, in South Carolina, and Georgia. Published & Lithographed by Evans & Cogswell, 3 Broad St, Charleston. S.C. Lithograph, c.1861. Image size 20 1/2 x 25 5/8" (521 x 650 mm) plus margins. LINK.

Map of the Seat of War, in South Carolina, and Georgia. Published & Lithographed by Evans & Cogswell, 3 Broad St, Charleston. S.C. Lithograph, c.1861. Image size 20 1/2 x 25 5/8″ (521 x 650 mm) plus margins.  LINK.

The map we are sharing in today’s blog post is an extremely rare Confederate imprint, Map of the Seat of War, in South Carolina, and Georgia by Evans & Cogswell.  Printed in 1861, this unusual pocket map shows the coastal area from Georgetown, South Carolina, to Savannah, Georgia, and territory inland as far north as Kingstree, South Carolina, and west to Barnwell, South Carolina. The map notes the location of forts, rivers, roads, railroads, ferries, bridges, dwellings with names of inhabitants, churches, and post offices. In the lower right is an inset map titled “Portion of Georgia” which shows Savannah and the nearby areas to the south and east. Drawn on a scale of one inch to five miles, this map was originally issued as a folding pocket map, although this particular example lacks the original covers.

(detail of) Map of the Seat of War, in South Carolina, and Georgia. Published & Lithographed by Evans & Cogswell. Lithograph, c.1861.  LINK. A detailed look at  the inset map,  “Portion of Georgia.”

(detail of) Map of the Seat of War, in South Carolina, and Georgia. Published & Lithographed by Evans & Cogswell. Lithograph, c.1861. LINK.
A detailed look at the inset map, “Portion of Georgia.”

Very few examples of this map are known to exist. During the Civil War, map publishers in the South were limited by access to paper, presses, and experienced lithographers and engravers. Those who did publish from the Confederate states did so in smaller edition sizes and with much less frequency.

(detail of) Map of the Seat of War, in South Carolina, and Georgia. Published & Lithographed by Evans & Cogswell. Lithograph, c.1861.  LINK. A close-up view of the publisher's imprint.

(detail of) Map of the Seat of War, in South Carolina, and Georgia. Published & Lithographed by Evans & Cogswell. Lithograph, c.1861. LINK.
A close-up view of the publisher’s imprint.

This map, a lithograph, was printed by Evans & Cogswell, a company based at 3 Broad Street, Charleston, South Carolina. The firm of Walker, Evans & Cogswell was founded in Charleston in 1821. They were printers as well as stationers. In 1860, Walker died and the business continued as Evans & Cogswell. While the firm printed a handful of maps during their existence, they are best remembered for printing the Ordinance of Secession. They also printed small denomination currency, Government bonds, the Soldier’s Prayer Book, books on war tactics, stamps, and medical books for the Confederacy. Later in the war, the firm moved to Columbia hoping for protection from the war. Soon after their move, the business was burned during Gen. Sherman’s infamous March to the Sea. We urge all map enthusiasts to stop by our gallery to see this map in person. This imprint would make an impressive addition to any Civil War map collection.

(detail of) Map of the Seat of War, in South Carolina, and Georgia. Published & Lithographed by Evans & Cogswell. Lithograph, c.1861.  LINK.

(detail of) Map of the Seat of War, in South Carolina, and Georgia. Published & Lithographed by Evans & Cogswell. Lithograph, c.1861. LINK.

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