18th Century Maps, American Maps, Copperplate, Engraving, Maps

Carte Nouvelle de l’ Amerique Angloise

Carte Nouvelle de l' Amerique Angloise contenant tout ce que les Anglois possedent sur le Continent de l'Amerique Septentrionale.... By Mathias A. Lotter. Published by M. A. Lotter, Augsburg. Copper plate engraving, c.1776. image size 23 5/8 x 19 3/8 inches plus margins. LINK.

Carte Nouvelle de l’ Amerique Angloise contenant tout ce que les Anglois possedent sur le Continent de l’Amerique Septentrionale…. By Mathias A. Lotter. Published by M. A. Lotter, Augsburg. Copper plate engraving, c.1776. image size 23 5/8 x 19 3/8 inches plus margins. Good condition, with original color. LINK.

This is one of the great maps issued at the beginning of the American Revolution. Published in Augsburg, this map depicts the 13 British colonies and Florida just prior to the outbreak of Revolutionary conflict. The map shows the colonies in great detail, albeit with unusual borders (particularly Maryland).  The map covers the area from the James Bay to the Gulf of Mexico and west to Lake Michigan. Shown are provinces, towns and cities, rivers and the Great Lakes. West of the Appalachian mountains, the Ohio valley is depicted with considerable detail, noting Native American settlements and prominent forts of the French and Indian War.

The map clearly appeals to French sentiments, limiting the claims of the British to the regions east of the Appalachian Mountains. Additionally, the title is written in French, which is rare considering the map is by one of the leading 18th century German publishers, Mathias A. Lotter.

To the right of is the title of the map and a list the 13 colonies, along with of Florida and Canadian settlements. It is enclosed in a decorative cartouche, on top of which sits the gleaming royal crest of the United Kingdom.

Standard
18th Century Prints, Botanical, Copperplate, Engraving, Natural History, Prints

Weinmann botanicals

With the new fall season comes new prints for the gallery walls. We opened 20th Century People two weeks ago on one side of the gallery, and are in the process of hanging our “historic” side of the gallery with antique prints and maps which show off the full range of our gallery’s collection. Two new prints to this side of the wall are from Weinmann’s 18th century botanical masterpiece, Phytanthoza iconographia.

61761

Beta alba, Poiree blanc. No. 242. Johann W. Weinmann. Published in Amsterdam and Ratisbon. Copper engraving printed in color and finished by hand, 1736-1745. Average platemark 12 3/4 x 8″ (325 x 203 mm). LINK.

61756

Aloe Americana toberosa yuccae foliis. No. 53. Johann W. Weinmann. Published Amsterdam and Ratisbon. Copper engraving printed in color and finished by hand, 1736-45. Average platemark 12 3/4 x 8″ (325 x 203 mm). LINK.

A truly ambitious project, the Phytanthoza iconographia includes 8 folio volumes and over 1000 plates, resulting in one of the most comprehensive reference on plants, flowers, and fruits of the eighteen century.  The collection is impressive in both size and scope, both almost unparalleled in beauty. Weinmann utilized the talents of Georg Dionysius Ehret, a distinguished botanical artist credited with being the greatest influence on 18th century botanical painters, in addition to the help he received by N. Assam, B. Seuter, J.E. Rindinger and J. Haid.  Ehret is responsible for roughly 500 plates, half of the images in the collection.

Weinmann was one of the first printmakers to produce color printing from a single plate, resulting in a vibrant and cohesive image. The two prints selected, Beta alba, poiree blanc and Aloe Americana toberosa yuccae follis are excellent examples of the rich coloration achieved by this single-plate process. Vibrant greens and blues are coupled with a warm yellow under tone, a combination that makes these botanicals pop off the creamy 18th century paper.

Phytanthoza iconographia was published in both Latin and German editions, and a Dutch edition appeared in four volumes in 1736-1748. It was the Dutch edition that was brought to Japan in the early nineteenth century, and some of Weinmann’s illustrations were the source for those in Honzu zufu, the monumental Japanese botanical work by Iwasaki Tsunemasa. Honzu zufu was one of the two most important treatises on systematic botany in the Tokugawa period (1603-1867).

To see more Weinmann engravings, or additional botanicals from the likes of Thornton, Bessa, Redoute, and many more, stop by our Georgetown gallery in Washington, DC.

Standard
18th Century Prints, Botanical, Copperplate, Engraving, Foreign Views, Landscapes, Prints

Volckamer Citrus Fruit Prints

Today we are sharing stunning 18th century engravings from Volckamer’s “Nurnbergische Hesperides.” A wealthy Nuremberg merchant who had his own fine orangery, Johann C. Volckamer engaged a variety of artists and engravers, including the architectural artist Paul Decker, to produce plates for this distinctive work. Most of the plates are devoted to citrus fruits, bedecked with ribbon and positioned above views of the gardens, town squares, and palaces of Germany, Austria, and Italy. These unusual engravings are prized for their unique combination of botanical illustrations and 18th century garden designs.

Cedrato con fior e Sugo doppio. Page 174. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copper plate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer's "Nurmbergische Hesperides". LINK.

Cedrato con fior e Sugo doppio. Page 174. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copperplate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer’s “Nurnbergische Hesperides.” LINK.

In the 18th century, most European gardeners were moving away from ornamental gardens and towards practical gardening of vegetables, herbs, and fruits. Gardens in colder planting zones were enclosed against insects, vermin, and the chilly climate, gifting the gardeners an opportunity to grow and cultivate citrus fruit trees for the first time. While the culture of fruit was the subject of many books- gardeners manuals with instructions as to care and pruning were in abundance- there were comparatively few illustrated books dealing with fruit alone in the beginning of the century. Published in 1708, Volckamer’s “Nurnbergische Hesperides” was one of the first illustrated books dedicated to citrus fruits.

Limon Cedrato. Page 68. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copper plate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer's "Nurmbergische Hesperides". LINK.

Limon Cedrato. Page 68. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copperplate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer’s “Nurnbergische Hesperides.” LINK.

Limon Cedrato. Page 162. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copper plate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer's "Nurmbergische Hesperides". LINK.

Limon Cedrato. Page 162. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copperplate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer’s “Nurnbergische Hesperides.” LINK.

The first volume of “Nurnbergische Hesperides” contained 115 plates, mostly uncolored. Separated into 5 parts, the book’s first four sections focus solely on citrus fruits, while the fifth is devoted to flowers. The plates were engraved by L. C. Glotsh, and were the work of artists P. Decker, B. Kinkel, and I. C. Steinberger.

A continuation, or second volume, of “Nurnbergische Hesperides” was published in 1714, with 132 plates. Again, the plates depict mostly citrus fruits, with the exception of the last section, which highlights pineapple, palm, and coconut trees.The plates were engraved by  J. C. Dehne and J. Montalegre, and were the work of artists Delsenbach, T. G. Beckh, Krieger, and F. P. Lidner.

Aranzo da Portugal. Page 194b. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copper plate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer's "Nurmbergische Hesperides". LINK.

Aranzo da Portugal. Page 194b. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copperplate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer’s “Nurnbergische Hesperides.” LINK.

Limon cornagione. Page 144a. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copper plate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer's "Nurmbergische Hesperides". LINK.

Limon cornagione. Page 144a. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copperplate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer’s “Nurnbergische Hesperides.” LINK.

Cedrati musciati. Page 61. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copper plate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer's "Nurmbergische Hesperides". LINK.

Cedrati musciati. Page 61. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copperplate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer’s “Nurnbergische Hesperides.” LINK.

Cedro di fiore e Sugo doppia. Page 118. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copper plate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer's "Nurmbergische Hesperides". LINK.

Cedro di fiore e Sugo doppia. Page 118. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copperplate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer’s “Nurnbergische Hesperides.” LINK.

Lima Romana. Page 152. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copper plate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer's "Nurmbergische Hesperides". LINK.

Lima Romana. Page 152. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copperplate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer’s “Nurnbergische Hesperides.” LINK.

Cedrato Bergamotto. Page 52.  Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copper plate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer's "Nurmbergische Hesperides". LINK.

Cedrato Bergamotto. Page 52. Johann C. Volckamer. Published Nuremberg. Copperplate engraving, hand-colored, 1708-14. From Volckamer’s “Nurnbergische Hesperides.” LINK.

 

Standard
17th Century Maps, American Maps, Copperplate, Engraving, Maps

Blaeu’s Map of Bermuda

Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Barmudas Dictarum. . . . By Willem J. Blaeu. Published by W. Blaeu, Amsterdam. Handcolored copper plate engraving, c.1633. Image size 15 5/8 x 20 11/16" (396 x 525 mm) plus margins. French text on verso. Good condition save for paper toning, slight fading and marginal mat line. Original coloring. LINK.

Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Barmudas Dictarum. . . . By Willem J. Blaeu. Published by W. Blaeu, Amsterdam. Handcolored copper plate engraving, c.1633. Image size 15 5/8 x 20 11/16″ (396 x 525 mm) plus margins. French text on verso. Good condition save for paper toning, slight fading and marginal mat line. Original coloring. LINK.

Today we are sharing this stunning c.1633 Willem J. Blaeu map of Bermuda. Cartographically, this map was based upon Richard Norwood’s 1618 survey for the Bermuda Company. The map shows the division of land into “Tribes”, a short-lived name for what later became administrative parishes. Many tiny houses dot the map, locating settlements, along with a scattering of minute cannons, marking the defensible points. At the bottom is a color-coded chart listing both the Bermuda Company stockholders and the landowners, in twelve columns.

(detail of) Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Barmudas Dictarum. . . .

(detail of) Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Barmudas Dictarum. . . .

The highly embellished cartouche at center features Neptune astride the royal coat of arms of England, trident in one hand and a galleon in the other.  The cartouche is adorned on both sides by mermaids, as a bountiful string of fish hangs from the bottom. Many other engraved embellishments ornament this beautiful map, including a stunning compass rose, a coat of arms, and a medallion.

(detail of) Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Barmudas Dictarum. . . .

(detail of) Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Barmudas Dictarum. . . .

(detail of) Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Barmudas Dictarum. . . .

(detail of) Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Barmudas Dictarum. . . .

(detail of) Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Barmudas Dictarum. . . .

(detail of) Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Barmudas Dictarum. . . .

 

Standard
18th Century Maps, American Maps, Copperplate, Engraving, Maps

Laurie & Whittle’s 1794 US Map

The United States of America with the British Possessions of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland divided with the French, also The Spanish Territories of Louisiana and Florida according to the Preliminary Articles of Peace Signed at Versailles the 10th of Jany., 1783. LINK.

The United States of America with the British Possessions of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland divided with the French, also The Spanish Territories of Louisiana and Florida according to the Preliminary Articles of Peace Signed at Versailles the 10th of Jany., 1783. (double click on image to enlarge)
LINK.

Today we are excited to share this beautiful map of the United States and lower Canada, published by Laurie & Whittle, in London in 1794. This map was published shortly after the signing of the Treaties of Versailles in 1783, and offers a nice detailed look at the original colonies, East and West Florida, and Spanish Louisiana. In the preliminary Articles of Peace signed in 1783, Spain negotiated rights to Florida, with Spain keeping West Florida and gaining back East Florida in exchange for the Bahamas. This map accurately depicts both East and West Florida in yellow, to represent Spanish holdings. 9117colorcoding Article III of the Treaty, concerning fishing rights, is reprinted next to the cartouche, which includes one of the earliest representations of an American Flag to appear on a printed map. 9117flg and cartouche   There is also excellent detail on the various Indian tribes in the Ohio and Mississippi River Valleys, including the Choctaws and the Cherokees. 9117indians

Standard